kàn (看)

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kàn is used mainly as a transitive verb. Though it does not need a preposition to follow it as look does, a pre-verbal PP can be used to indicate the direction of looking. When used in BEI and BA constructions, a post-verbal complement is often used to indicate manner or result of looking.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(7)
Wǒ zài kàn nàfú huà.
wo
1SG
zai
PRES
kan
look.at
na-fu
that-CL
hua
picture
‘I am looking at that picture.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LOOK AT Coding set Argument type
1 looker Ø A
2 looked at entity Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(285)
‘I gave her a look.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(222)
‘I feel very comfortable because she gave me a look.’