(死)

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is used mainly as an intransitive verb in nearly the same way as 'die'. But in a special idiomatic VO construction it can take an object meaning 'lose or suffer the loss of (a close family member or someone or something that is dear to one who loses it)'. However, this VO structure is very special in that the verb does not have any transitivity or exert any force upon the object. For that reason, it seems that its use in Middle Construction with an applicative following the verb does not qualify as a true case.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(5)
Lǎo Wáng shàngzhōu sǐ le.
Lao
Lao
Wang
Wang
shang-zhou
last-week
si-le
die-PERF
‘Old Wang died last week.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# DIE Coding set Argument type
1 dieer Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(292)
‘An old man died in the village.’
(293)
‘An old man died in the village.’
C
N y
(221)
‘Riding motor cycle will kill the cyclist quickly.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y