chī (吃)

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chī is used mainly as a transitive verb. When used in BA and BEI alternations, it is usually followed by a complement indicating result of the eating. The oblique object of chī 'eat' can be various and different. It can be a location, tool, source, etc.. for example, wǒ chī shítáng (lit. 'I eat cafeteria.') Only a few highly frequently used verbs permit such alternations. Another verb with the alternations is kǎo 'examine', whose object could be the subject of the examination, a school or college the entrance exam is taken for, or an academic degree, the credit of the exam. etc..

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(1)
Wǒ chī le fàn.
wo
1SG
chi-le
eat-PERF
fan
meal
‘I ate my meal. / I had my meal.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# EAT Coding set Argument type
1 eater Ø A
2 eaten food Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(283)
‘I ate three of her apples.’
C
R y
C
R y
(219)
‘Ten persons are to eat the rice from one pot.’
(279)
‘A pot of rice is to serve ten prsons. / A pot of rice is for ten people to eat.’
C
N y
C
R y
(281)
‘That apple was eaten by me. / I ate that apple.’
C
N y
C
R y
(218)
‘This kind of fruit is easy to eat. / This kind of fruit eats very fast.’