(擦)

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is used as a transitive verb in nearly the same way as wipe. Usually an optional complement morpheme like (lit. 'off') or diào (lit. 'lose') follows to indicate the end result of wiping. The morpheme is preferrable most probably because of phonological needs. is used more often in BA and BEI constructions. To express the English A wipes B off X, Mandarin speakers would use an modifier+N structure (i.e., X' B) as its object.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(74)
Tā cāqù le zhuōzǐshàng de zì.
ta
3SG
caqu-le
wipe-PERF
zhuozi
table
shang
LOC
de
POSS
zi
words
‘She wiped the words off the table.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# WIPE Coding set Argument type
1 wiper Ø A
2 wiped material Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(275)
‘I wiped the table.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(216)
‘This kind of cloth-brush wipes clean.’
(302)
‘The pot is too oily that it is not easy to wipe it clean.’
C
N y
C
R y
(95)
‘Those characters have already been wiped off by him.’
(217)
‘The table was wiped up by me.’