shuān (拴)

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In Mandarin, an applicative is normally needed to convey aspectual information when shuan is used in alternation.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(63)
Wǒmen bǎ mǎ shuān zài shuānzhuāng shàng.
women
1PL
ba
BA
ma
horse
shuan
tie
zai
PREP
shuanzhuang-shang
hitching.post-LOC
‘We tied the horses to the hitching posts.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TIE Coding set Argument type
1 tier Ø S
2 tied thing ba+NP X
3 tying goal zài+NP+loc X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(213)
‘The tree is for one to tie up a dog.’
(214)
‘The dog is to be tied up to the tree.’
C
M y
(215)
‘It is very difficult to tie up the dog because it is very fierce.’
C
R y
(211)
‘I have tied (up) the dog.’
C
N y
C
R y
(212)
‘The dog bas been tied up by me.’