zuòxià (坐下)

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zuòxià is used as an intransitive verbal phrase in which xià (lit. 'down') indicates the result of sitting or the state of affairs. Therefore, a PP can be used pre-verbally to indicate where one sits down, but not post-verbally to indicate the result or state because xia in itself already indicates that. This explains why zuò can take a pre-verbal or post-verbal PP because zuò alone does not denote the result or state.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: V Ad

Example

(66)
Tā (zài wǒ shēnbiān) zuòxià.
ta
3SG
(zai
(PREP
wo
1SG
shenbian)
side)
zuoxia
sit.down
‘He sat down (at my side).’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SIT DOWN Coding set Argument type
1 sitdowner Ø S
2 sitting-down place zài+NP L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y