zuò (坐)

show comment

zuò is used mainly as an intransitive verb in practically the same way as sit. But a PP can be used pre-verbally or post-verbally to indicate where one sits. Sometimes it can be used as a transitive verb, taking a place as its object. When used in BA and BEI alternations, zuo is preferably followed by a complement indicating result or duration of the sitting, etc.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(65)
Nǎinai zuò zài shāfā shàng.
nainai
grandma
zuo
sit
zai
PREP
shafa-shang
sofa-LOC
‘Grandma sat on the sofa.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SIT Coding set Argument type
1 sitter Ø S
2 sitting place zài+NP L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(198)
‘Sitting in this chair is comfortable.’
C
R y
(199)
‘One stool is enough for ten persons to sit on.’
(200)
‘Ten persons are to sit on the same stool.’
C
M y
(197)
‘You have already sat in the chair.’