guā (刮)

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guā is used as a transitive verb in the same way as shave. It is most probably because that this verb can hold various V-O relationships just as pǎo, chī and tiào do, it may enter Middle construction in at least two ways, when the object can be a patient or a tool.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(80)
Bàba zài guā húzi.
baba
Dad
zai
PRES
gua
shave
huzi
beard
‘Dad is shaving his beard.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SHAVE (a body part/person) Coding set Argument type
1 shaver (of body part) Ø A
2 shaved body part Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(270)
‘I have shaved my beard already.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(191)
‘This shaver shaves smoothly.’
(192)
‘It is very difficult to shave his beard. / His beard is very difficult to shave.’
C
N y
C
R y
(190)
‘The beard has been shaved by me.’
(301)
‘I have broken this shaver.’