jiānjiào (尖叫)

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There is no exact Mandarin counterpart of English scream. The closest translation jianjiao is a compound, where jian is an adjective meaning ‘sharp’. Therefore, jianjiao really means ‘cry sharply’. This characteristic of compounds restricts its application to relevant alternations, especially resultative alternations, which prohibits the verb's taking any manner adverbial.

Coding frame

Verb type: V Ad

Example

(78)
Xiǎo gūniang yòu zài jiānjiào.
xiao-guniang
little-girl
you
again
zai
PRES
jianjiao
scream
‘The little girl is screaming again.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SCREAM Coding set Argument type
1 screamer Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y