shuō (说)

show comment

shuō is used generally as a transitive verb in very much the same way as say, and usually a pre-verbal PP is used to indicate to whom one says soemthing. Like pǎo 'run' and tiào 'jump', shuō can also enter VO structures holding various V-O semantic relationships.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(71)
Gēge duì māma shuō :“wǒ yě xiǎng qù”.
gege
elder.brother
dui
to
mama
Mom
shuo
say
wo
1SG
ye
also
xiang
want
qu
go
‘My elder brother said to Mom, "I want to go, too".’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY Coding set Argument type
1 sayer Ø S
2 saying addressee duì+NP X
3 said content UTT X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(183)
‘Chinese tongue twisters are most difficult to say.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y