fàng (放)

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The Mandarin counterpart of PUT is normally used together with two PPs with the counterpart being between them. Or a complement usually follows the Mandarin counterpart when it is used in an imperative sentence, like Ba shu fang-qilai, which means 'Put the book (in its right place.'. A more formal version of the Mandarin counterpart is fangzhi (lit. 'put-put'), but this property of compounding restricts its alternations.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(64)
Tā bǎ nà běn shū fàng zài shūjià shàng le.
ta
3SG
ba
BEI
na-ben
that-CL
shu
book
fang
put
zai
PREP
shujia-shang
bookshelf-LOC
le
PERF
‘He put that book on the bookshelf.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PUT Coding set Argument type
1 putter Ø S
2 put thing ba+NP X
3 putting goal zài+NP+loc X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(266)
‘Put the book on the desk.’
C
N y
C
R y
(177)
‘The book is put on the desk.’
(291)
‘The book is placed on the desk.’
C
M y
(178)
‘This kind of vase is nicelooking, but it is very difficul to put it (in a safe and steady place).’
C
N y
C
R y
(176)
‘The book was put on the desk.’