wán (玩)

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wán is used as a transitive verb without using a preposition, unlike play. It can also function as an intransitive verb. Usually, a pre-verbal PP is used to indicate relevant information, like where or with whom one plays. When transitive wán is used in BEI and BA alternations, a complement is usually used to follow it, indicating the result caused by playing.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(62)
Dìdi zài cāochǎng shàng wán (pí qiú).
didi
younger.brother
zai
PREP
caochang-shang
playground-LOC
wan
play
(piqiu)
(ball)
‘My younger brother is playing (ball) on the playground.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# PLAY Coding set Argument type
1 player Ø A
2 toy Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(264)
‘My younger brother played with the teddy bear and made it broken.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(170)
‘It is a big trouble playing with this kind of toy.’
C
M y
(169)
‘The teddy bear was made broken by my younger brother who played with it.’