zhuāng(zài) (装(载))

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zhuāng is used as a transitive verb in practically the same way as load. Often a PP is used pre-verbally to indicate the direction or loading or where something is placed. zhuāng can be followed by a complement, which is usually mǎn meaning full to indicate the result of loading, or sometimes shàng meaning onto or with. And that is why it can enter the BA and BEI alternations.

Coding frame

Example

(59)
Gōngrén men wǎng kǎchē shàng zhuāng gàncǎo.
gongren-men
worker-PL
wang
PREP
kache-shang
truck-LOC
zhuang
load
gancao
hay
‘The workers loaded hay onto the truck.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LOAD Coding set Argument type
1 loader Ø A
2 loading place LOC X
3 loaded thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(164)
‘It is very uneasy to load this kind of goods.’
(260)
‘It is not easy to load this kind of truck.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(162)
‘The truck is loaded with hay. / The truck is for loading hay.’
(163)
‘The hay is to be loaded onto the truck. / The hay is loaded on the truck.’
C
R y
(159)
‘Load the hay onto the truck.’
C
N y
C
R y
(160)
‘The truck was loaded with hay.’
(161)
‘The hay was loaded onto the truck.’