(jū)zhù ((居)住)

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jūzhù consists of two morphemes which mean practically the same, i.e. 'live'. However, jūzhù is more formal than zhù and is more restricted in syntactic alternations. jūzhù is used as an intransitive verb and usually a PP is necessary to be placed pre-verbally or post-verbally. While zhù behaves in practically the same way, it can also function as a transitive verb, without using a preposition. For instance, wǒ zhù Běijīng (lit. 'I-live-Beijing') means 'I live in Beijing'.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(58)
Yéye jūzhù zài Shànghǎi.
yeye
grandpa
juzhu
live
zai
PREP
Shanghai
Shanghai
‘Grandpa lives in Shanghai.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LIVE Coding set Argument type
1 liver Ø S
2 living place zài+NP L

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(157)
‘In the forest lives an old granny.’
(158)
‘An old granny lives in the forest.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y