(打)

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In Mandarin, the counterpart of HIT usually takes a complement in alternations.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(41)
Tā yòng gùnzi dǎ wǒ.
ta
3SG
yong
use
gunzi
stick
da
hit
wo
1SG
‘He hit me with a stick.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HIT Coding set Argument type
1 hitter Ø A
2 hitting instrument yòng+NP I
3 hittee Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(152)
‘It is not comfortable when hitting with this kind of stick. / It is not comfortable when one hits with this kind of stick.’
C
R y
(150)
‘The elder brother hit the younger brother.’
C
N y
C
R y
(151)
‘The elder brother was hit by the younger brother.’