(磨)

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Literally, Mandarin does not have a simple word for GRIND. The meaning of mo in Mandarin simply denotes the action of grinding, but it does not necessarily denote the result of it. Mandarin precise counterpart of GRIND is a compound mo-sui (lit. 'grind-smashed'). The property of compounding restricts its alternations. When used in alternations, mo is normally followed by a complement indicating result of grinding.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(52)
Jiùjiu yòng shíniǎn mò huángdòu.
jiujiu
uncle
yong
use
shinian
stone.mill
mo
grind
huangdou
soybean
‘Uncle ground the soybeans with a stone mill.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GRIND Coding set Argument type
1 grinder Ø A
2 grinding instrument yòng+NP I
3 ground thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
M y
C
N y
C
R y
(142)
‘This kind of wheat is easy to grind.’
C
R y
(140)
‘My uncle has ground the soybean.’
C
N y
C
R y
(105)
‘The soybean has already been ground by my uncle.’
(141)
‘The soybean has been ground (ready) by my uncle.’