gēn (跟)

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gēn as a monosyllabic transitive verb functions in practically the same way as follow, but a more popular or frequently-used counterpart of FOLLOW in Mandarin would be gēnsuí (lit. 'follow-with') and gēnzōng (lit. 'follow-trace'). Those two bisyllabic verbs are more formal than gēn. When used in various constructions, gēn is usually followed by an aspectual marker -zhe or other complement indicating result of 'following', like shàng (lit. 'with') or diū (lit. 'lose'). And for that reason, it can enter such structures as BEI and BA constructions.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(51)
Xiǎo nánhái gēnzhe tā fùqin.
xiao
little
nan-hai
male-child
genzhe
follow
ta
3SG
fuqin
father
‘The little boy followed his father.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FOLLOW Coding set Argument type
1 follower Ø A
2 followee Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(96)
‘He is always followed by a large crowd of people.’