zhuāngmǎn (装满)

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The Mandarin counterpart zhuāngmǎn is in nature a Verb-Complement structure, i.e. zhuāng+mǎn (lit. 'load/stuff+full'). Therefore, it can enter both BA abd BEI alternations. But for the same reason, as the result of 'filling' is present and clear, it cannot enter Middle Alternation. When used as a transitive verb, a pre-verbal PP is often used to indicate with what one fills something.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: V Ad

Example

(81)
Wǒ yòng shuǐ zhuāngmǎn le shuǐtǒng.
wo
1SG
yong
use
shui
water
zhuangman-le
fill-PERF
shuitong
pail
‘I filled the pail with water.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FILL Coding set Argument type
1 filler Ø A
2 filling material yòng+NP I
3 filled container Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(133)
‘The pail is filled with water. / The pail is full with water.’
(134)
‘The water fills up the pail. / The pail is full of water.’
C
N y
C
R y
(131)
‘We filled the pail with water.’
C
N y
C
R y
(254)
‘I filled the water jar.’
(286)
‘The water jar is filled. / The water jar is full.’
C
R y
(132)
‘The pail was filled with water by us.’