(挖)

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is used mainly as a monotransitive verb. However, the verb-object relations can vary, in that the object can be a patient, end product, tool, etc. In a typical digging event, one can dig up something and take it away. Therefore, an optional monosyllabic complement zǒu (lit. 'away') indicating direction can follow it to form a rather loose compound verb. For that reason, sometimes or wāzǒu can enter the Ditransitive Alternation.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(48)
Nǎinai zài wā tǔdòu.
nainai
grandma
zai
PRES
wa
dig
tudou
potato
‘Grandma is digging for potatoes.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# DIG Coding set Argument type
1 digger Ø A
2 dug up thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
M y
(295)
‘He dug several trucks of potatoes of mine and took them away.’
C
R y
(86)
‘They have dug up that old tomb.’
C
N y
C
R y
(127)
‘It is very energy-consuming to dig through this kind of soil.’
C
N y
C
R y
(128)
‘His ancestral grave has been dug by someone.’