gài(shàng) (盖(上))

show comment

In Mandarin, the counterpart of COVER usually takes an applicative as a complement.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Examples

(99)
Tā zài gài zhuōzi
ta
3SG
zai
PRES
gai
cover
zhuozi
table
‘He is covering the table.’
(278)
Jǐngchá yòng báibù gài shītǐ.
jingcha
policeman
yong
use
baibu
white.cloth
gai
cover
shiti
dead.body
‘The policeman covered the dead body with white cloth.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# COVER Coding set Argument type
1 coverer Ø A
2 cover yòng+NP I
3 covered thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
M y
(282)
‘It's more difficult to cover up big cars.’
C
R y
(100)
‘Please cover the table.’
C
N y
C
R y
(101)
‘The table has been covered by him.’
(280)
‘The dead body was covered with white cloth by the policeman.’