zhǔ (煮)

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Mandarin does not have a simple word that is the exact counterpart of COOK. The meaning of zhu in Mandarin just denotes one of the many ways of cooking. Mandarin precise counterpart of COOK is a compound peng-tiao (lit. 'cook-flavor'). The property of compounding restrictes its alternations.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(47)
Nǐ píngshí zìjǐ zhǔ fàn ma?
ni
2SG
pingshi
in.normal.times
ziji
self
zhu
cook
fan
meal
ma
Q
‘Do you ordinarily cook meals yourself?’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# COOK Coding set Argument type
1 cooker Ø A
2 cooked food Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(83)
‘I have cooked the rice.’
C
M y
C
N y
C
R y
(276)
‘It is easier to cook imported beef. / Imported beef is easier to cook.’
C
N y
C
R y
(273)
‘The rice was burnt by me. / I cooked but burnt the rice.’