jiàn(zào) (建(造))

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jiàn(zào) functions in the same way as build both syntactically and semantically. It is in itself a compound verb, consisting of the two synonymous verbs jiàn and zào, both meaning 'build'. Both jiàn and zào can be used independently, but the former is more formal than the latter. And jiànzào is the most formal one. When used in BA or BEI constructions, a complement is often used for syntactic and phonological reasons.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form
Verb type: VV

Examples

(45)
Gōngrénmen zài jiànzào qiáoliáng.
gongren-men
worker-PL
zai
PRES
jianzao
build
qiaoliang
bridge
‘The workers are building a bridge.’
(12)
Wǒmen jiànhǎo le fángzi.
women
1PL
jian-hao-le
build-finished-PERF
fangzi
house
‘We have built a house.’
(248)
Fángzi jiànhǎo le.
fangzi
house
jian-hao-le
build-finished-PERF
‘The house has been built.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BUILD Coding set Argument type
1 builder Ø A
2 built thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(14)
‘We have built the house.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(250)
‘It's not easy to build this kind of house.’
C
N y
C
R y
(91)
‘The bridge has been built already.’
(249)
‘The house has been built by us.’