dàilái (带来)

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Mandarin does not have a simple word that is the exact counterpart of BRING. The meaning of dai in Mandarin is only ‘carry’ or ‘take’, which does not denote directional information. The closest counterpart of BRING in Mandarin is a compound dai-lai (lit. 'carry–come'). The property of compounding restricts its alternations.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: VV

Example

(36)
Yéye gěi Xiǎomíng dàilái le yīzhī xiǎo báitù.
yeye
grandpa
gei
to
Xiaoming
Xiaoming
dailai
bring
le
PERF
yi-zhi
one-CL
xiao
little
bai-tu
white-rabbit
‘Grandpa brought a little white rabbit to Little Ming.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BRING Coding set Argument type
1 bringer Ø A
2 bringing recipient gěi+NP X
3 brought thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(246)
‘I have brought the camera.’
C
N y
C
R y
(247)
‘The camera has been brought by me.’