zào (造)

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In Mandarin, the counterpart of MAKE usually takes a complement indicating result of making in ba alternation and passive alternation.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(30)
Tāmen néng zào qìchē.
tamen
3PL
neng
can
zao
make
qiche
car
‘They can make cars.’
(4)
Wǒmen zàohǎo le chēzi.
women
1PL
zao-hao-le
make-finished-PERF
chezi
car
‘We have made the car.’
(257)
Chēzi zàohǎo le.
chezi
car
zao-hao-le
make-finished-CRS
‘The car is made.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# MAKE Coding set Argument type
1 maker Ø A
2 made thing Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(6)
‘We have made the car.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(261)
‘It's easy to make cars.’
C
N y
C
R y
(98)
‘An A-bomb has been made by them.’
(259)
‘The car has been made by us.’