kāi (开)

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Of a wide variety of meaning items of kāi, the basic meaning is 'open'. kāi is a neutral equivalent for boil and functions in practically the same way as it syntactically. The more formal equivalent would be fèiténg and the more informal version would be gǔn as used in some dialects. Unlike English boil, kāi cannot be used as a monotransitive verb, let alone a ditransitive one, which is probably due to the fact that kāi cannot be used causatively and Mandarin does not permit benefactive ditransitive construction.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(29)
Shuǐ kāi le.
shui
water
kai-le
boil-PRES
‘The water is boiling.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BOIL Coding set Argument type
1 boiled thing Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y