è (饿)

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è can be used both as an adjective and an intransitive verb, which is different from its English equivalent hungry. It can also enter a causative construction taking an object meaning literally 'to make sb hungry', i.e. 'to starve sb.'. That means it can function not only as an intransitive verb, but also a transitive verb. And this VO structure in turn can take a complement. This makes it possible that è can enter constructions like the Ambitransitive construction.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form
Verb type: A

Example

(26)
wǒ è le.
wo
1SG
e-le
hungry-PERF
‘I am hungry.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE HUNGRY Coding set Argument type
1 hungry person Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(2)
‘The enemy starved him for three days.’
(121)
‘He remained hungry for three days. / He didn't eat anything for three days.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
(122)
‘Lit. The enemy made him hungry. / The enemy starved him.’
C
N y
C
N y
(123)
‘He was starved by the enemy.’