gān (干)

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gān is a typical adjective and cannot enter constructions that typically permit verbs. However, many adjectives can function syntactically as verbs and for that reason they are treated as a subtype of verbs. For example, some adjectives can take aspectual markers like le indicating a result o state of affairs. But it is rather exceptional that gān can enter the Middle Construction. Despite the formal resemblance, the exerted force (i.e., 'causing to dry up') is an internal rather than external one. For that reason, it is not a true Middle Construction.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form
Verb type: A

Example

(24)
Dì gān le.
di
ground
gan-le
dry-PERF
‘The ground (has) dried.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE DRY Coding set Argument type
1 dry thing Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y