shēngbìng (生病)

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shēngbìng literally means 'beget-illness', which is most probably a causative construction as a relic of archiac Chinese, meaning 'to cause illness to turn out'. But in modern Chinese, it is used just as a somewhat lexicalized intransitive verbal phrase. When necessary, one can split up the phrase and insert aspectual markers like le or guo and modifers can be used to modify bìng ('illness') as in yī-chǎng-dà-bìng (lit. 'one-CL serious-illness'), meaning 'a serious disease'.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form

Example

(23)
Xiǎo Wáng jīntiān shēngbìng le.
Xiao
Xiao
Wang
Wang
jintian
today
shengbing-le
be.ill-PERF
‘Little Wang is ill today.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE ILL Coding set Argument type
1 sick person Ø S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y