xiǎng (想)

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xiǎng functions as a transitive verb and therefore takes an object without using a preposition as English think does. As a monosyllabic verb, it can take a complement to denote a resultative meaning. And for that reason, the verb-complement structure can usually apply to both BA and BEI alternations. And when used in the two alternations, the use of that verb-complement structure is necessary.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(21)
Wǒ zài xiǎng yīgè wèntí.
wo
1SG
zai
PRES
xiang
think
yi-ge
one-CL
wenti
problem
‘I am thinking about a problem.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# THINK Coding set Argument type
1 thinker Ø A
2 thought content Ø P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
(115)
‘It is a headache for one to think about this kind of maths problem. / This kind of maths problem is so hard to think about that it causes headache to people.’
C
R y
(113)
‘You have taken the problem in a complicated way. / You thought about the problem in such a way that it is made too complicated.’
C
N y
C
R y
(114)
‘The problem has been thought about in a complcated way. / You have thought about the problem in such a way that it is made two complicated.’