kkakkda (깎다)

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kkakkda covers a wider range of meaning related to CUT, which is also SHAVE or PEEL. Although both the morphological and periphrastic passive are applicable on this verb, one might tend to use the periphrastic form in spoken usage. The periphrastic passive has a somewhat modal meaning, and the morphological passive indicates that the agent is unkown.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(39)
Geuneun suyeomeul kkakkatta.
geu-neun
he-FOC
suyeom-eul
beard-ACC
kkakk-ass-da
peel-PST-DECL
‘He shaved his beard.’
(188)
Neo palli suyeom kkakkeo!
neo
2SG
ppalli
quickly
suyeom=kkakk-eo
beard=shave-PLAIN
‘Quickly, shave your beard!’
(288)
Neo i sagwa kkakkeo.
neo
2SG
i
this
sagwa
apple
kkakk-eo
peel-PLAIN
‘Peel this apple.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CUT PEEL SHAVE (a body part/person) Coding set Argument type
1 cutter peeler shaver (of body part) NP-nom A
2 cut thing peeled object shaved body part NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n
C
R y
(290)
‘When I got up in the morning the grass in my backyard had already been cut.’
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(289)
‘If you use a pencil sharpener, you can sharpen pencils much quicker.’
C
N y
U
N n