pada (파다)

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The accusative object of this verb can either be a hole (ex. 103), or the ground (ex. 280), but never the thing dug for. Expressing both the ground and the hole sounds more redundant than it does for English, and I am not sure whether this is possible at all. To get an impression, a Google search only rarely shows both the hole and the ground expressed within the same predication, and then the ground seems to appear either in a nominal compound with the hole (which is interesting), or marked with locative, although I cannot wholeheartedly agree to this.

If one wants to express the thing being dug for, one has to build a complex predicate out of
pada and naeda 'take out'.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(103)
Geuneun ppurireul chakkii wihae jeongweoneseo keun gumeongeul patta.
geu-neun
he-TOP
ppuri-reul
root-ACC
chaj-gi
find-NMLZ
wihae
for
jeongweon-aeseo
garden-LOC
keu-n
be_big-ATTR
gumeong-eul
hole-ACC
pa-ss-da
dig-PST-DECL
‘He dug a hole in the garden in order to find the roots.’
(280)
Geuneun myeot sigan dongan michidorog ttangeul patta.
geu-neun
3SG-TOP
myeoch
several
sigan
hour
dongan
during
michidorog
like_crazy
ttang-eul
ground-ACC
pa-ss-da
dig-PST-DECL
‘He dug the ground for hours and hours as though he went crazy.’
(283)
Nongbuga ttangeseo ppurireul panaetta.
nongbu-ga
farmer-NOM
ttang-eseo
ground-ABL
ppuri-reul
root-ACC
pa
dig.CONV
nae-ss-da
take_out-PST-DECL
‘The farmer dug the roots out of the ground.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# DIG Coding set Argument type
1 digger NP-nom A
2 dug hole/ground NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n
C
R y
(281)
‘He had just got up in the morning when he saw that someone had dug a big hole in his garden.’
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(282)
‘It is hard to dig the ground since it's been raining little.’
C
N y
U
N n