gada (가다)

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Different coding patterns are available for this verb. The NOM-LOC coding pattern has been chosen as the basic one here. A locativ-marked argument emphasizes the intention of the goer (ex. 29). A directional argument emphasizes the direction of motion (ex. 30). Example 143 suggests that this verb has NOM-ACC as an alternative coding pattern, although ex. 311 shows case stacking of locative case and some other marker that appears to be accusative case. Such an 'accusative' case marker however seems to appear on a wide range of syntactic adjuncts such as number phrases (cf. English, He ran 3 metres and sat down), and it is not clear what this marker actually is. In this case however one might suggest that whenever -reul appears alone on an NP, it could be that the locative marker has been dropped, of which the possibility has been shown in ex. 31.

On the other hand, the Korean equivalent to GO can appear with an additional 'accusative'-marked NP that refers to the path of a motion (ex. 143, 178). As opposed to the goal NPs from above however, no locative-'accusative' stacking seems to be possible here. A NOM-ACC coding pattern then would suggest that we have a transitivity alternation here, although the 'accusative'-marked NP cannot be 'promoted' to subject function through passivisation. See the entry for 'way/number alternation'.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(29)
Ajumeoniga sijange gatta.
ajumeoni-ga
madam-NOM
sijang-e
market-LOC
ga-ss-da
go-PST-DECL
‘The madam went to the market (to do something there).’
(30)
Ajumeoniga sijangeuro gatta.
ajumeoni-ga
madam-NOM
sijang-euro
market-DIR
ga-ss-da
go-PST-DECL
‘The madam went to the market.’
(31)
Jeo sijang gayo.
jeo
I
sijang=ga-yo
market=go-POL
‘I'm going to the market./I'm going for some grocery shopping.’
(142)
Machupicchureul ga bosyeosseoyo?
Machupicchu-reul
Machu_Picchu-ACC
ga
go:CONV
bo-si-eoss-eoyo
see-HON-PST-POL
‘Have you ever been to Machu Picchu?’
(143)
Gireul gadeon sarameul bujjabatta.
gil-eul
way-ACC
ga-deon
go-ATTR.EV.PST
saram-eul
person-ACC
bujjab-ass-da
stop-PST-DECL
‘I stopped a/the person who was walking along the way.’
(178)
Neon ni gireul gago, nan ne gireul galteni sanggwan ma.
neo-n
you-TOP
ni
your
gil-eul
way-ACC
ga-go
go-CONV
na-n
I-TOP
ne
my
gil-eul
way-ACC
ga-lte-ni
go-PLAIN-CONV
sanggwan
meddling
ma
IMP.NEG
‘You'll go your way and I'll go mine, so don't butt in.’
(310)
Naneun oneul sijangereul katta.
na-neun
1SG-TOP
oneul
today
sijang-e-reul
market-LOC-ACC
ka-ss-da
go-PST-DECL
‘I went to the market today.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GO Coding set Argument type
1 goer NP-nom S
2 going goal NP-loc L

Alternations