seulpeuda (슬프다)

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Korean experiencer verbs such as this one have attracted considerable attention within and outside Korean linguistics, since they seem to permit double-nominative case frames (see Yeon 2003: 49ff.). It is not clear whether an DAT-NOM case frame would be allowed with BE SAID, although many sources such as the former one often claim that Korean experiencer verbs allow for such a case frame. These examples sound a bit stilted to me, which is why I provided example which sound more natural to me here. Note that in spoken usage it would sound awkward to overtly mark both the experiencer and the stimulus argument with case, although this rather might have to do with information structure than argument structure.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(16)
Na seulpeo.
na
I
seulp-eo
be_sad-PLAIN
‘I am sad.’
(17)
Nan ireon yaegiga neomu seulpeo.
na-n
I-TOP
ireon
such
yaegi-ga
story-NOM
neomu
too
seulp-eo
be_sad-PLAIN
‘Such stories are too sad for me.’
(18)
Na ireon yaegineun neomu seulpeo.
na
I
ireon
such
yaegi-neun
stories-FOC
neomu
too
seulp-eo
sad-PLAIN
‘Such stories are too sad for me. / Such stories are so sad.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BE SAD Coding set Argument type
1 sad person NP-nom S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n
C
N y
U
R n
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(277)
‘Cheolsu was very sad about the death of his friend.’
U
N n