apeuda (아프다)

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Whereas the stimulus may receive nominative marking, the experiencer is normally the possessor of the stimulus (most often, a body part), and might therefore appear as an NP-internal genitive modifier. Based on this reasoning, sentence ex. 127 could be seen as an example for possessor ascension/raising which results in double nominative marking. In colloquial speech however, genitive marking on the experiencer argument commonly does not appear (with the experiencer often being unexpressed in the first place), and therefore it is not sure whether we have an 'underived' NOM-NOM case pattern here (ex. 21).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(22)
Na pali apa.
na
1SG
pal-i
arm-NOM
apeu-a
hurt-PRS
‘My arm is hurting (me very much).’
(21)
Na pal apa.
na
I
pal=apeu-a
arm=hurt-PLAIN
‘My arm hurts.’
(277)
Cheolsuneun chingue jugeumeul mucheok seulpeohaetta.
cheolsu-neun
Cheolsu-TOP
chingu-ui
friend-GEN
jugeum-eul
death-ACC
mucheog
very
seulpeu-eo
sad-CONV
hae-ss-da
do-PST-DECL
‘Cheolsu was very sad about the death of his friend.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEEL PAIN Coding set Argument type
1 pain locus NP-nom S

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n
C
N y
U
R n
(127)
‘The child's whole body was hurting.’
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(308)
‘...I had the chance to be deeply in love and also be in deep pain, so...’
U
N n