saenggaghada (생각하다)

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This is a complex predicate that consists of the noun-like element saenggag 'thought' and hada 'do'.

Determining the coding pattern of this verb is difficult. There are three possibilities. The first possibility is the NOM-ACC pattern as shown here and in ex. 61. Another possibility is to encode the participant thought about with a postposition as in ex. 60.

A third possibility is not relevant for the present investigation, albeit still very interesting, since the participant though about seems to be realised on the noun phrase level as a noun that builds a compound with the word
saengga, with ex. 59 literally meaning 'the child had grandmother-thoughts'.

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: NV

Examples

(61)
Haksaengeun daeum nonmun jujereul saenggakago isseotta.
haksaeng-eun
student-TOP
daeum
next
nonmun
essay
juje-reul
topic-ACC
saenggag=ha-go
thought=do-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘The student was thinking about his next essay topic.’
(59)
Aineun halmeoni saenggageul hago isseotta.
ai-neun
child-TOP
halmeoni
grandmother
saenggag-eul
thought-ACC
ha-go
do-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘The child was thinking about his grandmother.’
(60)
Geuneun ol banghage daehaeseo saenggageul hago isseossda.
geu-neun
3SG-TOP
o-l
come-ATTR
banghag-e
holiday-LOC
daehaeseo
about
saenggag-eul
thought-ACC
ha-go
do-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘He was thinking about his next holidays.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# THINK Coding set Argument type
1 thinker NP-nom A
2 thought content NP-acc P

Alternations