museobda (무섭다)

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Sources indicate a DAT-NOM case frame for this kind of experiencer verb (cf. Yeon 2003: 42), although in spoken usage it sounds more than stilted and almost ungrammatical, and it remains to be explored whether native speakers of Korean who have not gone through South Korean schooling know about this DAT-NOM coding pattern. There are verbs such as geuribda 'feel nostalgic about something' where a DAT-NOM case frame could be imaginable, although again, as for FEAR, I would like to remark that a NOM-NOM case pattern seems more common. Still, whether both arguments can actually be overtly marked with NOM is questionable. If one looks at constructions that sound more natural such as ex. 186, one can see that the first argument of the verb is unmarked, whereas the second is marked for NOM. This might be rather due to information-structural properties of Korean case markers, since in ex. 69 one can see that the first argument can actually receive topic marking, and NOM can exhibit properties of focus marking in some contexts.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(66)
Nuna-neun jijini museoweotta.
nuna-neun
older_sister-TOP
jijin-i
earthquake-NOM
museoweo-ss-da
fear-PST-DECL
‘My older sister feared earthquakes.’
(69)
Nunaneun keun jimseungi museowotta.
nuna-neun
older_sister-TOP
keu-n
big-ATTR
jimseung-i
animal-NOM
museowo-ss-da
fear-PST-DECL
‘My older sister feared big animals.’
(67)
Nunaneun jijineul museowohaetta.
nuna-neun
older_sister-TOP
jijin-eul
earthquake-ACC
museob-eo
be_afraid-CONV
hae-ss-da
do-PST-DECL
‘My older sister feared earthquakes.’
(185)
Naege horangiga museoptta.
na-ege
1SG-DAT
horangi-ga
tiger-NOM
museob-da
fearsome-DECL
‘I am afraid of tigers.’
(186)
Na niga museowo.
na
1SG
neo-ga
2SG-NOM
museob-eo
frightening-PLAIN
‘I'm afraid of you./I find you frightening.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer NP-nom S
2 fear stimulus NP-nom X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
R y
(68)
‘My older sister fears big animals.’
(309)
‘I'm being afraid of you on purpose because I might start liking you, you know [and I musn't do that].’
U
N n