alda (알다)

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The morphological causative of this verb can mean various things from 'let so. know' up to 'inform sb.'. The morphological causative adds a dative argument to the verb's valency.

Curiously, this verb does not undergo passivisation in its base form, but instead, apprently one has to apply the morphological causative first, and then passivise the verb using the periphrastic passive (see ex. 299).

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(62)
Geuneun imi geu sasireul algo isseotta.
geu-neun
he-TOP
imi
already
geu
that
sasil-eul
fact-ACC
al-go
know-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘He already knew that fact.’
(63)
Aineun geu yaegireul algo isseotta.
ai-neun
child-TOP
geu
that
yaegi-reul
story-ACC
al-go
know-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘The child already knew that story.’
(299)
Eoje bam geu sasiri on gukminege allyeojyeotta.
eoje
yesterday
bam
night
geu
that
sasil-i
truth-NOM
on
all
gukmin-ege
citizens-DAT
al-li-eo
know-CAUS-CONV
ji-eoss-da
PASS.AUX-PST-DECL
‘That fact went public yesterday.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KNOW Coding set Argument type
1 knower NP-nom A
2 known thing/person NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
(298)
‘Sumi told her family the happy news.’
C
R y
U
N ?너희 둘이 아는 사이였어? / 서로를 알다 n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
M Not sure about this alternation value regarding the applicability of the periphrastic passive on the base form of this verb. y
C
N y
U
N n