malhada (-라고 말하다)

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This is a complex predicate made of mal 'speech' and hada 'do'. As indicated by the equals sign in ex. 83 to 85, the nominal element mal can occur (syntactically and prosodically) separately from hada, and it may be marked with accusative case. Apart from that, if the subject refers to a socially respectable person, malsseum is used here and ha- is suffixed with the honorative marker -si-.

There is a construction that may have arisen from
-rago mal=hada -QUOT speech=do, namely -rago hada. This form can be found frequently in colloquial usage in the case of giving someone names or nicknames or titles (ex. 80).

Coding frame

Complex Verb form
Verb type: NV

Examples

(84)
Geunyeoneun naege sasileul malhaessda.
geunyeo-neun
that:girl-TOP
naege
1SG:DAT
sasil-eul
truth-ACC
mal=ha-ss-da
speech=do-PST-DECL
‘She told me the truth.’
(85)
Geunyeoneun naege anirago (mal)haessda.
geunyeo-neun
that:girl-TOP
naege
1SG:DAT
anirago
NEG:be:QUOT
mal=haess-da
speech=do\PST-DECL
‘She said "no" to me / She told me it wasn't true/the case.’
(80)
Neo jigeum nahante baborago haesseo?
neo
you
jigeum
just_now
na-hante
1SG-DAT
babo-rago
fool-be:QUOT
ha-ss-eo
do-PST-PLAIN
‘Did you just call me a fool? / Did you just say "fool" to me?’
(83)
Geunyeoneun naege jal saenggyeottago (mal)haetta.
geunyeo-neun
that:girl-TOP
na-ege
1SG-DAT
jal
well
saenggi-eoss-da-go
look-PST-DECL-QUOT
mal=ha-ss-da
speech=do-PST-DECL
‘She told me I was good-looking.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# SAY TELL Coding set Argument type
1 sayer NP-nom S
2 saying addressee NP-dat X
3 said content NP-quot X

Alternations