deonjida (던지다 )

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Interestingly, deonjida 'THROW' seems to belong to the class of ditransitive verbs in Korean. As mentioned as a general fact, only animate recipients can be marked with dative case (ex. 225) whereas inanimates are marked with locative case. In fact, with deonjida the 'inanimate recipient' could rather be seen as a locative argument as in ex. 138, and therefore the question arises whether this could count as sort of an 'animacy-induced case alternation'.

With animate recipients though, it seems to be more common to use this verb together with
juda as shown in ex. 139.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(138)
Aiga gongeul badae deonjieotta.
ai-ga
child-NOM
gong-eul
ball-ACC
bada-e
ocean-LOC
deonji-eoss-da
throw-PST-DECL
‘The child threw the ball into the direction of the ocean.’
(225)
Haksaengi aiege gongeul deonjyeotta.
hagsaeng-i
student-NOM
ai-ege
child-DAT
gong-eul
ball-ACC
deonji-eoss-da
throw-PST-DECL
‘The student threw a ball to the child.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# THROW Coding set Argument type
1 thrower NP-nom A
2 thrown thing NP-acc P
3 throwing goal LOC X

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N no change in valency, because it is already a ditransitive y
(139)
‘The father threw a ball to his child.’
C
N y
C
R y
U
N n
C
N y
U
N n
U
N n
C
R y
(226)
‘The next morning rubbish was dropped in front of his house.’
C
N y
U
N n