deudda (듣다)

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This verb entry has been created to show that HEAR (ex. 107) seems to be the passive form of LISTEN (ex. 205). The causative(+benefactive) of this verb has also acquired a meaning similar to SHOW (see this entry), whereas only the periphrastic causative of this verb would mean something like 'make someone listen to something' (arguably, the differences are subtle). A semantically important difference could be that when using the periphrastic causative of LISTEN, the causer is not expected to be present when the event of listening happens, whereas when the morphological causative+benefactive form is used (see SHOW for examples) both the causer and the causee have to be present during the time of the event.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(205)
Sounguneun eumageul deukko isseotta.
soungu-neun
Soung_U-TOP
eumag-eul
music-ACC
deud-go
listen-CONV
iss-eoss-da
be-PST-DECL
‘Soung-U was listening to music.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LISTEN Coding set Argument type
1 listener NP-nom A
2 listened to sound NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R y
(206)
‘As I told the children my story, they really liked it.’
C
R y
C
N The benefactive can be build after the causative mopheme has been suffixed (but the paradigm of this verb seems to be defective in spoken language, see comment on deullida (2),'SHOW'). y
U
N n
C
R y
(107)
‘The child (inadvertedly) heard the sound of a bird (=a bird).’
U
N n
U
N n
C
N y
C
N y
U
N n