ted⁰ (S-O-ted-pl)

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Verbs with this base mean specifically 'hit endwise with a long object'. In the derived incorporated stems, only long instruments can be incorporated, never the object being beaten and never a round or otherwise shaped object.

Coding frame

Example

(34)
Hiɣdɯlʲ tìɣ oksʲas doviltet.
hiɣ-dɯlʲ
man-child
tìɣ
snake
oksʲ-as
stick-INSTR
d-o-v-il-tet
3SG.M.SBJ-3SG.M.OBJ-TH-PST-hit
‘The boy hit the snake with the stick.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HIT Coding set Argument type
1 hitter subj.V A
2 hittee obj.V P
3 hitting instrument NP-instr I

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R y
C
R Incorporation of instrument-role only. The incorporated verb remains transitive with patient-role direct object. y
C
N y
C
R y
C
N y