kiku

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Kiku can express an agentive as well as a spontaneous meaning of 'hearing'. Another verb kikoeru can be seen as a potential form of kiku, and expresses a spontaneous meaning, having the case frame of "dative-nominative".
Kiku must take an accusative argument referring to some kind of sound (e.g. voice) and cannot take a person as an accusative argument, unlike English. Thus, anata-o kiku (you-acc hear) is not a possible form in Japanese.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(82)
Syoonen-ga kuma-no koe-o kii-ta.
syoonen-ga
boy-nom
kuma-no
bear-gen
koe-o
voice-acc
kii-ta
hear-past
‘The boy heard the bear's voice.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# HEAR Coding set Argument type
1 hearer NP-nom A
2 heard sound NP-acc P

Alternations