ataeru

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Japanese distinguishes several verbs of giving (as well as receiving) in terms of the person and social status of giver and recepient. Of these, ataeru is the most neutral verb.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(41)
Oya-ga kodomo-ni hon-o atae-ta.
oya-ga
parent-nom
kodomo-ni
child-dat
hon-o
book-acc
atae-ta
give-past
‘The parents gave the child the book.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# GIVE Coding set Argument type
1 giver NP-nom A
2 giving recipient NP-dat X
3 gift NP-acc P

Alternations