kowasu

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Other transitive verbs in the semantic field of 'breaking' are waru 'smash, split', kudaku 'crash', and oru 'snap off', which all have their intransitive change-of-state counterparts: wareru 'smash, split', kudakeru 'crash', and oreru 'snap off'.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(6)
Mari-ga kabin-o kowasi-ta.
Mari-ga
Mari-nom
kabin-o
vase-acc
kowasi-ta
break-past
‘Mary broke the vase.’
(31)
Ken-ga (hanmaa-de) mado-o kowasi-ta.
Ken-ga
Ken-nom
hanmaa-de
hammer-instr
mado-o
window-acc
kowasi-ta
break-past
‘Ken broke the window (with a hammer).’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# BREAK Coding set Argument type
1 breaker NP-nom A
2 breaking instrument NP-instr I
3 broken thing NP-acc P

Alternations