siru

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Japanese has no stative verb for 'know'. Siru is a change-of-state verb meaning 'get to know', and the resultative aux. is added to represent the stative meaning.

Coding frame

Example

(15)
Syoonen-ga syoozyo-o sit-te i-ru.
syoonen-ga
boy-nom
syoozyo-o
girl-acc
sit-te
know-ger
i-ru
be-pres
‘The boy knows the girl.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# KNOW Coding set Argument type
1 knower NP-nom A
2 known thing/person NP-acc P

Alternations