ki-ni-iru

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Ki-ni-iru has a complex form in its origin, but is now lexicalized into a single predicate. It can take three different case marking patterns of "nominative-accusative" (cf. ex. 14), "dative-nominative" (cf. ex. 102), and "nominative-nominative" (cf. ex. 103).

Coding frame

Examples

(14)
Kodomo-ga omotya-o ki-ni-it-ta.
kodomo-ga
child-nom
omotya-o
toy-acc
ki-ni-it-ta
mind-loc-enter-past
‘The child liked the toy.’
(102)
Kodomo-ni omotya-ga ki-ni-it-ta.
kodomo-ni
child-dat
omotya-ga
toy-nom
ki-ni-it-ta
mind-loc-enter-past
‘The child liked the toy.’
(103)
Kodomo-ga omotya-ga ki-ni-it-ta.
kodomo-ga
child-nom
omotya-ga
toy-nom
ki-ni-it-ta
mind-loc-enter-past
‘The child liked the toy.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# LIKE Coding set Argument type
1 liker NP-nom A
2 liked entity NP-acc P

Alternations