hakob-u

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Animate goals can only be expressed in genitive in the goal NP, but not at the clause level.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(183)
Sono musumega sense:no tokoroni hono hakonda.
sono
that
musume=ga
girl=NOM
sense:=no
teacher=GEN
tokoro=ni
place=DAT
hon=o
book=ACC
hakon-da
carry-PST
‘That girl carried the book to the teacher.’
(188)
Sono musumega gakko:ni hono hakonda.
sono
that
musume=ga
girl=NOM
gakko:=ni
school=DAT
hon=o
book=ACC
hakon-da
carry-PST
‘That girl carried the book to school.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# CARRY Coding set Argument type
1 carrier NP-nom A
2 carrying goal NP-dat L
3 carried thing NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
R hakob-asar-u y
(184)
‘The book got carried to the teacher.’
(189)
‘The book got carried to school.’
C
R hakob-ase-ru y
(185)
‘Someone made that girl carry the book to the teacher.’
(190)
‘Someone made that girl carry the book to school.’
C
N y
C
N N/A y
C
R hakob-are-ru y
(186)
‘The book was carried to the teacher by that girl.’
(191)
‘The book was carried to school by that girl.’
C
R hakob-e-ru y
(187)
‘That girl can carry the book to the teacher.’
(192)
‘That girl can carry the book to school.’
C
N y
C
N y