hanas-u

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The combination koto=o is not a lexicalized item. X koto=o can be replaced with some expression referring to speech content.

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Examples

(85)
Sono otokoga sono syo:nenni syo:zyono kotoo hanasita.
sono
that
otoko=ga
man=NOM
sono
that
syo:nen=ni
boy=DAT
syo:zyo=no
girl=GEN
koto=o
thing=ACC
hanasi-ta
talk-PST
‘That man talked to that boy about the girl.’
(92)
Sono otokoga sono musumeni monogatario hanasita.
sono
that
otoko=ga
man=NOM
sono
that
musume=ni
girl=DAT
monogatari=o
story=ACC
hanasi-ta
tell-PST
‘That man told the story to that girl.’

Verb meanings , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# TALK TELL Coding set Argument type
1 talker teller NP-nom A
2 talked to person tellee NP-dat L
3 talked about content told content NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R hanas-ase-ru y
(86)
‘Someone made that man talk to the boy about the girl.’
(93)
‘Someone made that man tell the story to the girl.’
C
N y
C
N N/A y
C
R hanas-are-ru y
(88)
‘Something about the girl was told to the boy by the man.’
(94)
‘The story was told to the girl by that man.’
C
R hanas-e-ru y
(89)
‘That man can talk to the boy about the girl.’
(95)
‘That man can tell the story to that girl.’
C
R y
(87)
‘The boy was told about the girl by the man.’
C
R y
(90)
‘Things about the girl can be told to the boy.’