kowagarase-ru

Coding frame

Example

(28)
Sono otokoga sono syo:neno kowagaraseta.
sono
that
otoko=ga
man=NOM
sono
that
syo:nen=o
boy=ACC
kowagarase-ta
frighten-PST
‘That man frightened that boy.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FRIGHTEN Coding set Argument type
1 frightener NP-nom A
2 frightenee NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R kowagarase-ase-ru y
(29)
‘Someone made that man frighten the boy.’
C
N N/A y
C
R kowagaras-are-ru y
(31)
‘The boy was frightened by the man.’
C
R kowagaras-{(ra)re/e}-ru y
(32)
‘That man can frighten the boy.’
C
N y
C
R y
(33)
‘Being a coward, that boy can be frightened.’
C
R kowagar-u y
(30)
‘The boy was frightened of the man.’