kowagar-u

Coding frame

Simplex Verb form

Example

(24)
Sono syo:nenwa sono otokoo kowagatte ita.
sono
that
syo:nen=wa
boy=TOP
sono
that
otoko=o
man=ACC
kowagat-te
fear-GER
i-ta
be-PST
‘That boy feared that man.’

Verb meaning , Microroles , Coding sets and Argument types

# FEAR Coding set Argument type
1 fearer NP-nom A
2 fear stimulus NP-acc P

Alternations

Alternation name Occurs Examples
C
N y
C
R kowagar-ase-ru y
(27)
‘Someone made that boy fear that man.’
C
N N/A y
C
R kowagar-are-ru y
(26)
‘That man will be feared by the boy.’
C
N y
C
N y
C
N y
C
R kowa-i y
(25)
‘The boy is afraid of that man.’